The study found that those with autism were "more likely than others to assign blame based on a situation’s negative outcome, whether or not malice was intended".
Here is an example of a situation that participants were asked about:
Two friends are kayaking in the ocean. “Janet” tells her friend that it’s OK to swim after reading that the jellyfish nearby are harmless. But Janet’s friend ends up dying after being stung by a jellyfish while swimming.